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What Does Congressional Research Say re Article V Convention?

The Congressional Research Service has published three lengthy papers for Members and Committees of Congress:

  1. Amending the U.S. Constitution: by Congress or by Constitutional Convention, Thomas M. Durbin, Legislative Attorney, American Law Division, May 10, 1995 (download crs1995durbin)
  2. The Article V Convention for Proposing Constitutional Amendments: Historical Perspectives for Congress by Thomas H. Neale, Specialist in American National Government, October 22, 2012 (download crs2012neale)
  3. The Article V Convention to Propose Constitutional Amendments: Contemporary Issues for Congress Thomas H. Neale Specialist in American National Government, April 11, 2014 (download crs2014neale)

They cover a wide range of issues, but nowhere do they say that Congress can prevent an Article V Convention of the States or that such a Convention is not feasible. Some of the issues covered are:

  • 2010-2013: Advocacy Group Initiatives.
  • Action by Both Houses Required
  • Additional Issues for Congress
  • Alternative Convention Method of Amending the U.S. Constitution
  • Anticipating an Article V Convention: Legislative Proposals in the 93rd through 102nd Congresses
  • Article V Convention Limited to the Consideration of a Specifically Worded Amendment?—H.J.Res. 52 in the 113th Congress.
  • Article V Offers Two Modes of Amendment
  • Background: Article V of the U.S. Constitution in Brief.
  • Balanced Budget Amendment, 1975-1983
  • Certification of Ratification and Promulgation by the Archivist
  • Checks and Balances in the Article V Amendment Process.
  • Choice of Legislative Vehicle
  • Conditional Applications
  • Congress and the Article V Convention in the 21st Century
  • Congress and the Article V Convention in the 21st Century
  • Congress: Key Actor in the Article V Convention Process
  • Constitutional Convention Procedures Bills Introduced in Recent Congresses Accept the Concept of a Limited Constitutional Convention
  • Contemporaneousness of State Ratifications
  • Contemporaneousness of the Applications
  • Convention Procedures: Ancillary Issues for Congress
  • Could Senators and Representatives Serve as Delegates to an Article V Convention?
  • Details of the Article V Convention Process ― Is Congress a Clerk or the Guardian?
  • Direct Election of Senators, 1893-1912
  • Efforts to Summon an Article V Convention Experience of the 20th Century
  • Emergence of Technology-Driven Issue Advocacy
  • Federal Function Doctrine Articulated in the Supreme Court Decision of Leser v. Garnett
  • General Convention – Limited Convention.
  • Georgia (March 2014) and Tennessee (April 2014) Apply for an Article V Convention to Consider a Balanced Federal Budget Amendment, Reversing Their Earlier Rescissions.
  • Identicalness of the Petitions
  • Is Congress Required to Call a Convention
  • Is Congress Required to Propose Ratification of Amendments Approved by a Convention?
  • May a State Amend or Rescind its Application for an Article V Convention? .
  • May a State Application Contain a Self-Canceling Provision?
  • Model for Contemporary Article V Convention Supporters
  • Must Applications Share Identical Language or is Issue Congruency Sufficient?
  • Ohio (November 2013) and Michigan (March 2014) Pass First-Time Applications for an Article V Convention to Consider a Balanced Federal Budget Amendment
  • Original Intent of the Founders Include the Article V Convention Process in the U.S. Constitution
  • Proper Enactment and Submission of the Petitions by State Legislatures
  • Proposal of Amendments by an Article V Convention
  • Proposal of Amendments by Congress
  • Proposing Actions in the State Legislatures
  • Providing a Framework: The Precedent of Congressional Proposals to Shape an Article V Convention
  • Ratification Procedures by State Legislatures
  • Ratifications by State Conventions
  • Renewed Interest in the Article V Convention
  • Rescission of State Ratifications
  • Role for the President?
  • Role for the State Governor?
  • Role of the States in an Article V Convention
  • Runaway Convention
  • Scope and Limitations of a Constitutional Convention
  • State Applications for an Article V Convention: Scope and Conditions
  • State Legislative Apportionment, 1964-1969
  • Submitting the Applications to Congress
  • The Role of Congress in the Article V Convention Process
  • Timeliness/Contemporaneity
  • Traditional Deterrents to an Article V Convention
  • Validity of a Rescission of a Petition by a State
  • What Are the Current Procedures for Receipt and Processing of State Applications by Congress?
  • What Sort of Convention Does Article V Authorize?